Gen. Robert E. Lee's Surrender to Gen. Ulysis S. Grant (1865)
Article published April 13, 1865, in the Bay City Journal.
Transcribed August 2005.
The Bay City Journal -- Thursday, April 13, 1865.
Latest News -- By Telegraph.
By The Western Union Line.
Surrender of Lee's Army.
Washington, April 9 – 9 P.M.
To Major General Dix, New York:
This department has received the official report of the surrender this day of Gen. Lee and his army to Lieut. Gen. Grant, on the terms proposed by Gen. Grant.
(Signed) E. M. STANTON, Secretary of War.
Headq’rs Armies of the United States, April 9 – 4:30 P.M.
To Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War:
General Lee surrendered the army of Northern Virginia this afternoon upon the terms proposed by myself. The accompanying additional correspondence will show the conditions fully.
U. S. GRANT, Lieut. General.
April 9, 1865.
General – I received your note of this morning on the picket line, whither I had come to meet you, and ascertain definitely what terms were embraced in your proposition of yesterday with reference to the surrender of this army. I now request an interview in accordance with the offer contained in your letter of yesterday for that purpose.
Very respectfully, your obedient serv’t,
R. E. LEE, General
To Lieut. General Grant, commanding United States Armies.
APPOTTOMAX COURT HOUSE, April 9th, 1865.
Gen. R. E. Lee, Commanding C.S.A.:
In accordance with the substance of my letter to you of the 8th inst., I propose to receive the surrender of the army of Northern Virginia on the following terms, to wit: Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in duplicate by me, the other to be retained by such officers as you may designate. The officers to give their individual parols not to take up arms against the government of the United States until properly exchanged, and each company or regimental commander to sign a like parole for the men of their commands. The arms, artillery and public property to be packed and stacked, and turned over to the officers appointed by me to receive them. This will not embrace the side arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage. This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to their homes, not to be disturbed by the United States authority, so long as they observe their parole and the laws in force where they may reside.
Very respectfully yours,
U. S. GRANT, Lt. Gen.M
H’dq’rs Army of Northern Virginia, April 9th, 1865.
Lieut. Gen. U. S. Grant Com’d’g U. S. A.:
General – I have your letter of this day, containing the terms of surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, as proposed by you. As they are substantially the same as those expressed in your letter of the 8th inst., they are accepted. I will proceed to designate the proper officers to carry the stipulations into effect.
Grant, Ulysis S., Gen.
Lee, Robert E., Gen.
Stanton, Edwin M.
Army of Northern Virginia
Army of United States
Other News On Same Page
Among the officers surrendered by Gen. Lee are one General-in-Chief, three Lieutenant Generals, 17 Major Generals, 61 Brigadiers; and the number of men from 20,000 to 22,000.
A fight took place on Monday in Fairfax county, Virginia, between some troops sent by Lee, before his surrender, and some of our men, in which the “rebs” were worsted.
An engagement with Mosby’s guerrillas was had by some of our troops on Monday, about 14 miles from Washington. The “gorilla” skedaddled.
Richmond has been damaged by the late fire to the amount of $2,146,240, Manchester was not damaged in any way.
Arguelles has been sentenced to perpetual banishment from Cuba, 10 years in the chain gang in Africa, and to pay a fine of $50,000.
It is stated that 4,000 of Maximillian’s troops have reached Le Sal, Yucatan, to attempt the conquest of that country.
There was a report in Washington on Monday, that Gen. Johnston had surrendered to Gen. Sherman on the same terms which where graded to Lee.
Letters from Goldsboro, the 7th, say Johnston was retreating towards Virginia, attempting to join Lee, and that Sherman was after him.
The Herald publishes a list of general officers surrendered by Lee. It comprises the General-in-Chief, three Lieutenant Generals. Among them are Anderson, Echols, Ewell, already a prisoner, Finnegan, Heath, Bushord, Johnson, Kershaw, Longstreet, Mahone, McCausland, Mosby, Ouid, the Exchange Commissioner, Pemberton, Pickett, Rosser, Sorrell, and Henry A. Wise. The number of men actually surrendered by Lee is from 20,000 to 22,000. – Within the past two weeks over 20,000 prisoners have been sent away from City Point, and a large number are still there.
Three Cent Coins.
A law was passed by both houses of congress during the closing hours to authorize the coinage of three cent pieces, to be composed of copper and nickle. – The law also provides that the three cent pieces shall be legal tender to the amount of sixty cents, and that the one and two cent copper coin shall be a legal tender to the amount of forty cents. It also prohibits the issue of any paper fractional currency below the denomination of five cents; consequently, the new paper three cent notes being illegal must be with-drawn from circulation.