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Samuel S. Garrigues (1828-1889)
Born in Philadelphia, First State Salt Inspector.

1881 history. Added Feb., 2009.

History of Saginaw County, Michigan, by Leeson & Clark, 1881

DR. SAMUEL S. GARRIGUES.
________

Dr. Garrigues came to this city in 1862 and at once interested himself in the salt industry. He opened a laboratory and commenced the analysis of salt, and shortly after commenced work in a salt block for the purpose of obtaining a practical knowledge of the manufacture. He started the work in three blocks of the Chicago Salt Co., and subsequently blocks for Asa Sheldon, Bay City, and also a block Van Etten & Mershon, at Salzburg. In the spring of 1863 the agitation of a salt inspection law commenced, and on June 21, of that year, Dr. Garrigues was recommended by Mayor C. B. Mott and the board of alderman, consisting of Alds. Jeffers, Glasby, Bingham and Eastman, as a suitable person for the position of salt inspector. The recommendation also bears indorsement of Hon. Jno. F. Driggs. The inspection bill, however, failed to pass the Legislatutre. Dr. Garrigues then took charge of a block at Bay City for N. S. Clark, and from there went to Kawkawlin, where he was connected with Ballou & Co., in the manufacture of salt. He remained with this firm until 1864, when he enlisted in the 29th Michigan Volunteer Infantry and went to war. In 1866 a bill was passed by the State Legislature establishing boards of trade and granting them authority to appoint inspectors of produce and salt. Under this act rules and regulations were adopted by the salt committee, created by the East Saginaw Board of Trade, and Dr. Garrigues was appointed salt inspector for the following works:

East Saginaw Salt Manufacturing Co., Chicago Salt Works, H. A. Ballentine & Co.'s works, Bellevue Salt works, Wester Salt works, Geo. H. Taylor & Co.'s works, Carrollton Mill & Salt Co., Wayne County Salt Co., Salina Salt Co., Carter Bros., Albany Salt Co., Medina Salt Co., Rust & Ingeldew, Buffalo Salt Co., Oneida Salt Co., N. B. Nye & Co., Ann Arbor & Saginaw Salt Co., N. S. Lockwood. Others were subsequently added.

On March 11, 1867, the Doctor reported to these manufacturers the result of his work, it being the first salt report published in the Valley. In 1867 another attempt was made to pass an inspection bill but it failed.

In the spring of 1869 an inspection bill was introduced which passed, and Dr. Garrigues received the appointment of inspector, which he has held to the present time, giving the work his earnest and constant attention. To his efforts and fidelity to the salt industry is largely due to the excellent reputation Saginaw salt has achieved in the markets of the country.

1889, death. Added Feb., 2009.

Proceedings of the American Pharmaceutical Association

SAMUEL S. GARRIGUES.
_______

Samuel S. Garrgues, Ph. G., Ph. D., died at Ann Arbor, Michigan, after a protracted sickness, May 16th , 1889, in the sixty-first year of his age. Among the Huguenot exiles who left their homes in the province of Languedoc, in France, by reason of the revocation of the edict of Nantes by Louis XIV., in 1685, were three brothers, Matthew, Francis and John de la Garrigue. They escaped from France, and landed on the island of St. Christopher, which belongs to Great Britain, and from thence they went to Philadelphia. The family name in time became anglicized to Garrigues. The deceased was born in Philadelphia, September 7th, 1828. His early education was received in the school maintained by the Society of Friends. He afterwards entered the public schools of his native city, and graduated from the high school in 1847. His knowledge of pharmacy was obtained in the store of his father, Edward B. Garrigues, 10th and Fairmont avenue, and with the late F. L. John, on Race street above Third. Graduating from the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy in 1851, the same year he went to Europe; after a year spent at the university in Berlin, he entered the University at Gottingen, and after a course of two years, graduated from that institution, receiving the degree of Ph. D. During the vacations of his student life abroad, he made pedestrian trips through Germany and into Switzerland and Italy. Botany being of his favorite studies, he collected during these excursions an extensive and valuable herbarium, which he afterwards presented to the University of Michigan. In 1854 he returned to Philadelphia, and, with Mr. Magee, engaged in the manufacture of chemicals for photography. After the firm dissolved in 1857, he removed to New York, where he remained until 1863, when the development of salt interests in Michigan led to his connection with that industry as a chemist. In 1869 he was appointed State inspector of salt in Michigan, and held that office until his declining health made it necessary form him to withdraw from active duties. The reports prepared by him on the salt and lumber interests are valuable State papers on the resources of Michigan. As a member of the Association he was for many years very active, having served as Chairman of the Executive Committee and of the Committee on Sales of Poisons, a member of the Committee on Weights and Measures, also on the Committee of the Progress of Pharmacy. He contributed several very valuable and interesting papers on the following subjects: Bromine, and its production from the Saginaw Brines; St. Louis Medical Springs; Michigan Salt; American Bromine, and Insect Power. After locating in Michigan, he took an active interest in the advancement of pharmacy in that State, was president of the Michigan Pharmaceutical Association, and was interested in the passing of the Pharmacy Act of that State. He was a member of the Franklin Instituteand of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia. He was married in 1864 to Miss Addie M. Burt, of Saginaw, Michigan. His widow, a son and daughter survive him. In 1855 decease became a member of our Association, and at the time of his death was a life member (old style).

Additional Notes:

  • Mr. Garrigues was a Civil War veteran, He entered service at Bay City on October 19, 1861, as 2st Lt. with the Twelfth Michigan Infantry, and was discharged on March 25, 1863.
  • Mrs. Adele M. Garrigues died October 31, 1901.
  • 1880 Census shows Samuel living in East Saginaw, with Adele and two children: Edwin C., age 15; and Ellen E., age 12.
Related Note & Pages

Civil War photo

Related Pages:
Boehringer Bros.
People Referenced

Bingham,
Burt, Addie M (wife)
Clark, N.S.
de la Garrigue (aka Garrigues)
de la Garrigeu, Francis
de la Garrigue, John
de la Garrigue, Matthew
Driggs, Jno. F.
Eastman,
Garrigues, Edward (father)
Garrigues, Edwin (son)
Garrigues, Ellen (dau.)
Garrigues, Samuel S. (subject)
Glasby,
Jeffers,
John, F.L.
Magee, Mr.
Louis XIV
Mott, C.B. Mayor
Sheldon, Asa
Subjects Referenced
29th MI Vol. Inf.
Albany Salt Co.
Ann Arbor & Saginaw Salt
Bay City, MI
Bay Co., MI
Bellevue Salt Works
Buffalo Salt Co.
Carrollton Mill & Salt Co.
Carter Bros.
Chicago Salt Works
East Saginaw, MI
East Saginaw Salt Mfg.
Franklin Institute
Geo. A. Taylor & Co.
Germany
Gottingen, Univ. of
H.A. Ballentine & Co.
Italy
Kawkawlin, MI
Languedoc, France
Medina Salt Co.
MI Pharmaceutical Assn.
Michigan, Univ. of
N.B. Ney & Co.
N.S. Lockwood
New York, NY
Oneida Salt Co.
Philadelphia, PA
Phil. Col. of Pharmacy
Rust & Ingeldew
Saginaw, MI
Saginaw Bd. of Trade
Salina Salt Co.
Switzerland
State Legislature, MI
Wayne co. Salt Co.
Wester Salt Works
Papers:
American Bromine
Insect Power
Michigan Salt
Saginaw Brines
St. Louis Med. Springs
WRITINGS: History As It Was Written Then.