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Dr. Henry B. Landon (1840-1929)
of Monroe, MI, and former resident of Bay City.

Bio. (Added Feb., 2009)

The History of Bay County, Michigan, by Augustus H. Gansser, 1905


Henry B. Landon, whose period of medical practice exceeds that of any other physician in Bay City, Bay County, Michigan, was born March 31, 1840, in Monroe, Michigan, where he received his early mental training. In 1857, Dr. Landon entered the University of Michigan, where he graduated in 1861, with the degree of A. B. He then enlisted in the army, being commissioned 1st lieutenant of Company D, 7th Reg. Michigan Vol. Inf., of which regiment he was later appointed adjutant, and served in the capacity until the battle of Fair Oaks. In this engagement he was severely wounded, being shot through the chest and left arm. He was compelled to return home and soon afterwards resigned his commission. In the fall of 1862, he entered the medical department of the University of Michigan, but his studies were interrupted in the fall of 1863 by his appointment as assistant surgeon of his old command, with which he remained until the spring of 1864. He then resigned his commission and resumed his medical studies in the University at Ann Arbor. He graduated from the medical department in 1865. The degree of A. M. was conferred upon the Doctor by his alma mater in 1866, in recognition of his ability and scholarly attainments in the line of his profession.

In the spring of 1865, Dr. Landon located in Bay City, where he remained until 1890. In the fall of the latter year, he went to Denver, Colorado, where he was engaged in the practice of medicine for three years, returning in January, 1894, to Bay City.

Of the pioneer physicians of Bay City in 1865, the only ones left are Dr. Landon, and Dr. Johnson, of St. John's. When the former settled here the number of medical practitioners was about 10. Of these Dr. Landon is the only survivor now living in Bay City, and the oldest of all in continuous active practice. Of late years he has been, to a considerable extent, on the retired list.

Dr. Landon has been twice married. On January 22, 1862, he wedded Martha J. Williams, of Ann Arbor, Michigan. She died in November, 1883, leaving a son, Dr. Herbert W. Landon, of Lansing, Michigan, who spent one year in the University of Michigan, and afterwards studied in the office of Dr. McGraw, in Detroit. He graduated from the Detroit Medical College in 1898, and was interned for a year at St. Mary's Hospital, being six months in the medical ward. He was married in February, 1904, to Dorothy Sterling, of Monroe, Michigan, a member of the prominent family there. He is now in active practice at Lansing, being located near the State Agricultural College at that point.

On January 28, 1866, the subject of this sketch was married to Florence Fitzhugh, the youngest daughter of the pioneer families of this region, which has always been very prominent. One son resulted from this union, -- Dana F., who is a student in the Bay City High School.

Dr. Landon is a member of the G. A. R., and of the military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. He is one of the earliest members of the Bay County Medical Society, of which he was secretary when Dr. Horace Tupper was its president. His is the oldest member in Bay City. Next in length of membership is Dr. Isaac E. Randall, of West Bay City, after whom comes Dr. Robert W. Erwin. A portrait of Dr. Landon accompanies this article.

Death of. (Contributed by Jim Petrimoulx, Dec., 2007)

The Bay City Times - Wednesday, January 16, 1929 (Page 6)

Former Well-Known Local Physician is Victim of Pneumonia.

Dr. Henry B. Landon, 88 years old, for many years prominent in the life of Bay City, where he was among the best known medical practitioners, died late Tuesday at the home of his son, Dr. Herbert Landon, in Monroe, Mich., following a 10-day illness with pneumonia.

Dr. Landon was born in Monroe County, Mich., March 31, 1840. In 1857 he entered the University of Michigan and graduated in 1861 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He then enlisted in the Seventh Michigan Infantry, and wounded in the battle Fair Oaks in 1862, and returned home. In 1863 he returned to the Army as assistant surgeon, but resigned in 1864.

In 1865, he received the degree of Doctor of Medicine and Master of Arts and that same year came to Bay City and started the practice of medicine. He was appointed division surgeon of the Michigan Central Railroad here and for many years resided at 707 North Monroe street.

Dr. Landon was a charter member of the Michigan State Medical Society and a member of the American Medical Association. Some years ago Dr. Landon retired from private practice, and after spending five years in Denver, went to Monroe where he has since resided with his son.

Funeral services will held in Monroe Thursday afternoon.

Civil War. (Added Feb., 2008)

Personal Recollections of a Calvaryman with Custer's
Michigan Cavalry Brigade in the Civil War,
by Colonel J. H. Kidd, 1908

Page 17. Two other University men, worthy to be names in the list with Moore, were Henry B. Landon and Allen A. Zacharias. Landon was graduated from the literary department in 1861. He immediately entered service as adjutant of the Seventh Michigan infantry -- the regiment which led the advance of Burnside's army across the river in the battle of Fredericksburg. He was shot through the body in the battle of Fair Oaks, the bullet, it was said, passing through both lungs. This would led to his discharge for disability. Landon returned to Ann Arbor and took a course in the medical department of the University, after which he reentered service as assistant surgeon of his old regiment. He survived the war, and became a physician and surgeon of repute, a pillar in the Episcopal church, and an excellent citizen. Landon was a prince of good fellows, always bubbling over with fun, droller, and wit; and, withal, a fine vocalist, with a rich bass voice. In the winter of 1863-64, he often came to see me in my camp on the Rapidan, near Stevensburg, Virginia, and there was no man in the army whose visits were more welcome.

Additional Notes:


  • The author served with the 6th Michigan Cavalry.
  • Moore's first name was "Billy," referenced as a typical student volunteer.
  • University mention is University of Michigan.

    1880 - Census: Bay City, Bay, Mich.

  • Landon, Henry P. - b. 1840, Mich. - physician.
  • Martha, wife - b. 1842 Mich.
  • Herbert W., son - b. 1874 Mich.
  • Selinda, mother-in-law, b. 1817, N.Y.
  • Caroline C., sister-in-law, b.1844, Mich.
  • Lange, Anna, servant - b. 1857, Germany.

    1900 - Census: Bay Cty, Bay, Mich.

  • Day, Charles A. - b. Apr. 1869, Mich.
  • Delia, P., wife - b. Oct. 1866, Mich.
  • Landon, Henry B. - b. Mar. 1840, Mich.
  • Florence F., wife - b, Dec, 1846. Mich.
  • Donna F., daughter - b. Apr. 1866, Mich.
  • Fitzhugh, Bessie - b. Nov. 1856, Penn.
  • Starniski, Sarah J. - b. Apr. 1877, Poland Germany

    1910 - Census: Bay City, Bay, Mich.

  • Landon, Henry P. - age 70, b. Mich.
  • Florence, wife - age 63, b. N.Y.
  • Dana F., son - age 23, b. Mich.
  • Nickel, Edith - age 22, b. Germany.
Related Pages/Notes

Dr. H.B. Landon

Dr. Landon was married to Martha J. Williams, of Ann Arbor, in 1852. They had one son before her death in 1883. Dr. Landon's second marriage was to Florence Fitzhugh, of Bay City, and they had one son.
Related pages:
Fitzhugh Genealogy
Landon, Herbert W. (son)
People Referenced
Burnside, Gen.
Day, Charles A.
Day, Delia P. Mrs.
Erwin, Robt. W. Dr.
Fitzhugh, Florence (2 wife)
Johnson, Dr.
Landon, Caroline (s-inlaw)
Landon, Dana F. (son)
Landon, Herbert W. Dr.(son)
Landon, Silina (m-inlaw)
Lange, Anna
McGraw, Dr.
Nickel, Edith
Randall, Isaac E. Dr.
Starniski, Sarah J.
Williams, Martha J. (1 wife)
Zacharia, Allen A.
Subjects Referenced
7th MI Vol. Inf., Co. D
American Medical Assoc.
Ann Arbor, MI
Bay City, MI
Bay City High School
Bay County, MI
Denver, CO
Detroit, MI
Detroit Med. College
Fair Oaks, battle
Fredericksburg, battle
Lansing, MI
Michigan Central R.R.
MI State Medical Soc.
Monroe, MI
St. Mary's Hospital
State Agricultural Col.
Stevensburg, VA
Univ. of Michigan
West Bay City, MI

Landon Civil War
WRITINGS: History As It Was Written Then.