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Charlotte (Lottie) Wilson (1854-1914)
Burn in Niles, Mich., prominent artist, Womans Suffrage activist.
Added April, 2014.

Comment: Charlotte (Lottie) J. Wilson (a malatto)was born on June 9, 1854, at Niles, Berrien Co., Mich., and she died on January 16, 1914, at the place she was born. She was the daughter of Calvin F. Wilson and Henrietta Hill, apparently their only child.

Charlotte was a prominent artist and used the name of Lottie Wilson on all of her works. She was also actively involved with the Woman's Suffrage movement. She was married three times. in order: James Huggart, John B. Jackson and Daniel Moss. For sometime she lived in Bay City, Mich., a number of years with her husband John B. Jackson.

Lottie is buried with her children at the Silverbrook Cemetery in Barrien County, Mich.

History of Womans Suffrage: 1883-1900 (1902)

A lively discussion was caused by a resolution offered by Mrs. Lottie Wilson Jackson, a delegate from Michigan, so light-complexioned as hardly to suggest a tincture of African blood, that 'colored women ought not be compelled to ride in smoking cars, and that suitable accommodations should be provided for them.” It was finally tabled as being outside the province of the convention.

Grand Rapids Democrat, 3 May 1899, 7 May 1899.

Scott Duniway’s role in a controversy earlier that day is noteworthy as well. When Lottie Wilson Jackson of Bay City, Michigan, “so light-complexioned as hardly to suggest a tincture of African blood,” proposed a resolution condemning discriminatory practices in the South, particularly “separate coach” laws, many Southern delegates took offense, provoking a “lively” discussion that grew “quite warm and interesting.” Official history records that this resolution finally was tabled but omits the fact that Abigail Scott Duniway of Oregon authored the motion to strike. From a certain point of view, this action is consistent with her eschewing of “isms” of all stripes; yet it also may reflect unfortunate but typical racial attitudes, and certainly reminds that a principle such as the doctrine of natural rights can become entangled within considerations of expediency

  • (History of Woman Suffrage 4: 343; cf. Grand Rapids Democrat 3 May 1899). [?]
  • CRISIS, VOL. 10, NAACP - 1915

    Page 215.

    We learn that the picture of Lincoln and So-journer Truth, reproduced on the cover of August Crisis, is a reproduction of a painting by Lottie E. Wilson of Niles, Michigan, presented by her to President Roosevelt and now hanging in the permanent collection in the White House. Miss Wilson, who later became Mrs. Moss is a colored woman.

    Too Heavy A Load: Black Women In Defense Of Themselves, 1894-1994 – Google Books.

    Page 112.

    As for Francis Griffin, at the NAWSA meeting at Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1899, she addressed the national woman suffrage platform for the first time and set the tone for anti-Black sentiments when she spoke bitterly about her “Negro boy” gardener who at twenty-three, was illiterate, but enfranchised. It was the same meeting that Anthony was alleged to have influenced white suffragist to oppose the motion by Lottie Wilson Jackson against Jim Crow accommodations for Black women in the South. Jackson was a black delegate from Michigan, and she resolved “that colored women ought not be compelled to ride in smoking cars, and that suitable accommodations should be provided form them.” A bitter debate ensued The resolution was ultimately tabled because it was considered irrelevant to the woman suffrage issues. Apparently embittered by the controversy and Anthony's rejection of Black women's concerns.Lottie Jackson voted against Anthony. According to reports published in the Woman's Journal Jackson was the only delegate to oppose Anthony.”

    Additional details of Lottie's personal life are provided by Nelson Hill at:
    [Tribute to Lottie Wilson]

    Additional Notes:

      1860 - Census: Niles, Berrien, Mich.
      Wilson, Calvin - b. 1830, Virginia
      Henrietta E., wife - b. 1836, Ohio - mulatto
      Elizabeth, J., ? - b. 1854, Mich. -mulatto
      Infant Unkown, b. 1860, Mich. mulatto

      1860 - Census: Howard, Cass, Mich.
      In household of Henry W. Hill is a Charlotte Wilson, mulatto, born 1854, Mich. There are listed 7 others with the last name of Hill.

      1867 - Michigan Marriages: Niles, Berrien, Mich.
      Date: Apr. 27, 1867.
      Groom: Calivin F. Wilson, - b. 1829
      Bride: Henretta E.J... Hill - born 1836

      1970 - Cenus: Michigan.
      Wilson, Calvin F. - b. 1828-29, Virginia
      Henretta, wife - b. 1835-36, Ohio - mulatto
      Lottie J., daughter - b.1853-54, Mich. - mulatto

      1872 - Michgian Marriages: Berrien.
      Date: Oct. 30, 1872.
      Groom: James M. Huggart
      Bride: Charlotte E. Wilson

      1878 - Michgan Births: Bloomfield, Oakland Co.
      Date: Mar. 20, 1878.
      Birth of Harry Jackson, son of John and Charlotte Jackson.

      1885 - Michigan Marriages: Niles, Berrien Co.
      Date: June 9, 1885.
      Groom: John P. Jackson, mulatto, of Bay City, age 39, b. Ohio, barber,
      Bride: Charlotte Wilson, mulatto, of Niles, age 31, b. Niles
      Official: Charles Ager, minister.
      Witnesses: C.F. Wilson & Mary L. Ager.

      1885 - Michigan Deaths: Niles, Barrien.
      Date: Sep. 17, 1885.
      Death of Callie Huggart (black), age 11, daughter of James and Lottie Huggart.

      1886 - Directory: Bay City, Mich.
      Jackson, John B. (col'd), barber, 823 N. Water, res. 232 N. Adama

      1890 - Directory: Bay City, Mich.
      Jackson, John B., barber, 200 5th ave., res 232 Adams

      1893 - Bay City Directory:
      Jackson, John B (col'd), barber, 200 5th ave., res 232 Adams.

      1894 - Census: Bay City, Bay, Mich.
      Jackson, John B. - b. 1845
      Charlotte, wife - b. 1854

      1906 - Indiana Marriages: St. Joseph.
      Groom: Moss.
      Bride: Charlotta Jackson, born Jun. 9, 1854, daughter of Calvin F. Wilson and Henrietta Hill.

      Application for Marriage License - Female:
      Jackson to (Daniel) Moss.
      Charlotta Jackson, mulatto, born June 9. 1854, Berrien Co., Mich., divorced, married twice; artist; Father Calvin F. Wilson, mulatto, born in California, dead.; Mother Henrietta Hill, mulatto, dead.

      1914 - Michigan Deaths: Niles, Berrien, Mich.
      Date: Jan. 16, 1914.
      Death of Lottie Moss, b. 1854, Mich. - artist, married.

      Silverbrook Cemetery in Niles, Michigan is the final resting place for Lottie Wilson, her children, her father, Calvin Wilson, and her mother, Henrietta (Hill) Wilson. The Barron Lake Cemetery located near Niles, Michigan is where her grandfather, great grandfather, and some aunts and uncles and other Hill ancestors are resting. Submitted by Nelson and Sharon Hill of Nottawa, Michigan (Source: smbhs.org)

    Reference Notes & Pages

    Related Pages:
    - None at this time.
    People Referenced
    Ager, Charles
    Ager, Mary L.
    Buniway, Abigail S.
    Duniway, Scott
    Griffin, Francis
    Huggart, James (1-husband)
    Huggart, Callie (dau)
    Hill, Henry W.
    Hill, Henrietta (mother)
    Jackson, Harry (son)
    Jackson, John B. (2-husband)
    Lincoln, Abraham
    Moss, Daniel (3-husband)
    Roosevelt, Pres.
    Wilson, Calvin F. (father)
    Wilson, Charlotte (subject)
    Subjects Referenced
    Bay City, MI
    Barrien Co., MI
    Barrien Lake Cem.
    Cass Co., MI
    Grand Rapids, MI
    Howard, MI
    Niles, MI
    Silverbrook Cem.
    Washington, DC
    White House
    Womans Suffrage
    WRITINGS: History As It Was Written Then.