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Roy Orchard Woodruff (1876-1953)
Born at Eaton Rapids, Mich, mayor of Bay City, and member of U.S. Congress.

Biography. - Added Oct., 2010)

Wikipedia Website


Roy Orchard Woodruff (March 14, 1876 February 12, 1953) was a politician, soldier, printer and dentist in the U.S. state of Michigan.

Woodruff was born of English and Scottish ancestry to Charles Woodruff and Electa (Wallace) Woodruff in Eaton Rapids, Michigan. He attended the common schools and the high school of Eaton Rapids, and apprenticed to the printing business from 1891 to 1899. He enlisted as a corporal in Company G, Thirty-third Regiment, Michigan Volunteer Infantry, during the Spanish-American War. He saw active service and was mustered out.

Woodruff graduated from the dental department of the Detroit College of Medicine in 1902 and practiced dentistry in Bay City from 1902 to 1911. In 1906 he married Vera May Hall, the daughter of Michigan Republican State Central Committee member De Vere Hall. He was mayor of Bay City from 1911 to 1913.

In 1912, Woodruff defeated incumbent Republican U.S. Representative George A. Loud to be elected as the candidate of the Progressive Party from Michigan's 10th congressional district to the 63rd Congress, serving from March 4 1913 to March 3, 1915. Woodruff and William J. MacDonald (12th district) were the only two Michiganders elected to the U.S. House from the Progressive Party. He was not a candidate for re-nomination in 1914 and served for two years in the First World War as an infantry officer, acquiring the rank of major during his service in France.

In 1920, Woodruff returned to Congress, elected as a Republican from the same district to the 67th Congress. He was subsequently re-elected to the fifteen succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1921 to January 3, 1953. On June 11, 1921, just three months after returning to office, he married his second wife Daisy E. Fish. He was re-elected unopposed in 1922 and 1926 and was alternate delegate to the Republic National Convention from Michigan in 1940. He was not a candidate for re-nomination in 1952 to the 83rd Congress.

Roy O. Woodruff was a Baptist, later Presbyterian and a member of the American Dental Association, American Legion, United Spanish War Veterans, Freemasons, Elks and Odd Fellows. He died in Washington, D. C. a little over a month after leaving office and a month before his seventy-seventh birthday. He is interred in Elm Lawn Cemetery of Bay City.

Added Oct., 2010.

Find A Cemetery Website.

Mar. 14, 1876 Feb. 12, 1953.

U.S. Congressman. Service in the U.S. Army during the Spanish American War, and in the United States Navy as a Major during World War I. Elected as representative from Michigan's 10th District in the U.S. House of Representatives, serving from 1913 to 1915, and 1921 until his death in 1953. He was defeated in 1914. Mayor of Bay City, Michigan, from 1911 to 1913. Buried at Elm Lawn Cemetery in Bay City.

New York Times article. - Added Oct., 2010.

The Crisis Feb. 1935.

Anti-Lynching Bill.

Page 61.

Replying to your letter of the 14th in which you ask for an expression of opinion from me regarding the Costigan-Wagner anti-lynching bill, please be advised that I shall vote for this measure if and when it comes before the House of Representatives. Believing that due process of law should be resorted to under any and all circumstances. I naturally feel that no more worthy cause could engage the attention of Congress or anybody else than to stamp out the crime and disgrace of lynching.

Roy O. Woodruff, Michigan.

Additional Notes.

    1905 - Michigan Marriages: Bay City.

  • Date: April 26, 1905
  • Groom: Roy O. Woodruff, b. 1876 Mich., of Bay City, son of Charles and Electa S. (Wallace) Woodruff.
    Bride: Vera M. Hall, b. 1880 Essexville, of Bay City, daughter of De Vere and Agususta (Brown) Hall.
  • Official: Charles F. Patchell, minister.
  • Witnesses: J. R. Woodruff (Fowlerville) and James E Brockway (Bay City).


  • Woodruff was in Company C, Thirty-third Michigan Volunteers, during the Spanish-American War. He contracted typhoid and saw action at Aquadores, Cuba, on July1, 1898.
  • Woodruff was a Capt. In the 311th Ammunitions Trail during .
  • The University of Michigan administers a scholarship fund of the Roy O. Woodruff Memorial Fund.
  • Woodruff is mentioned in The New York Times, April 11, 1922, in an article accusing Secretary Weeks and several other government officials of profiting from war contracts.
    View full document: [ Google Books]
Related Pages/Notes

Hon. Roy O. Woodruff

1914: Dr. Woodruff
Dental Office

Related Pages:
Brockway, James E.
Hall, De Vere
Loud, George A.
BC Typographical Union.
People Referenced
Brockway, James E.
Brown, Augusta
Fish, Daisy E. (2-wife)
Hall, De Vere D.
Hall, Vera M. (1-wife)
Loud, George A.
MacDonald, Wm. J.
Patchell, Charles F.
Wallace, Electa (mother)
Woodruff, Charles (father)
Woodruff, J.R.
Woodruff, Roy O. (subject)
Subjects Referenced
33rd Mich. Reg.
American Dental Assoc.
Aquadores, Cuba
Bay City, MI
Detroit College Medicine
Eaton Rapids, MI
Elm Lawn Cemetery
Essexville, MI
Fowlerville, MI
New York Times
Spanish-America War
Univ. of Michigan
US Army
US Congress
US Navy
Washington, DC
WRITINGS: History As It Was Written Then.