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Nature would yield a landscape of dense forests, water prairies and colorful fields. The terrain would be beaming with a wide variety of plant forms, such as:

Trees: white pine, Norway pine, firs, birch, tamarack, spruce, cedar, oak, hickory. elm

Fruit: grape, mulberry, plum, cherry, strawberry, raspberry, cranberry, blackberry, huckleberry, crab apple

Vegetable: maize, potato, melon, pumpkin, turnips, beans, squash

Flowers: sunflower, wild roses, honeysuckle, trillium, black-eyed Susan, golden rod, blueflag, wild rice, reeds, cat tails.

The town name of Pinconning comes from the Indian word pin (wild potato) because of the natural abundance of them found in that area.

The vegetation and temperate climate was an ideal habitat for animals of most every species found in Michigan at that time:

Fish: white fish, sturgeon, perch, trout, sunfish, bass, bullheads and other bottom feeders

Animals: beaver, raccoon, muskrat, bobcat, rabbit, deer, wood chuck, blackbear, wolverine.

Reptiles: various species of snakes and lizards

Birds: wild turkey, grouse, geese, duck, partridge and various bird species including the passenger pigeon.

Only the rattle snake, bobcat, black bear and wolverine were deadly adversaries to be avoided. When the white settlers arrived there was one other animal found among the Indians, a wolfish like dog. The Indians used this domesticated form of a dog for hunting. They were excellent hunters that would attack and bring down animals as large as a deer. Because of their fierce nature, they were not by any means considered a typical pet to be adopted by the early white folk.


Scenes of what early settlers may have experienced as they wandered through forests in this area.
  • Deer in an open field at sun set,
  • Raccoon eating a meal along a small creek
  • Black bear climbing a larger white birch tree.

  • General History Menu
    Native Settlers
    Pioneer History
    20th Century
    Photo Gallary
    Michigan's State Symbols
    Tree: White Pine
    Flower: Apple Blossom
    Wild Flower: Dwarf Lake Iris
    Bird: American Robin
    Stone: Petosky stone
    Fish: Trout
    Gem: Chlorastrolie
    Game Animal: White-tailed Deer
    Fossil: Mastodon
    Soil: Kakaska Sand
    Internet Resources
    The towering white pine with its broad trunk has a special place in the development of Michigan's early economy. The white pine dominated the dense forests that once cover most of Michigan and sparked the lumber boom period (1870-1910) that fueled rapid progress in the state, and the state's largest center of lumbering activities was in the Saginaw Valley. The Saginaw River and it's tributaries was the early highway used for floating logs to hundreds of sawmills station at the deep water ports of Bay City and Saginaw, where the timber would be processed then exported by ship to eastern states.
    [-] White Pine Tree
    Source: {Wikipedia.org]
    [-] Geography of Michigan
    Extensive historical data.
    (Source: Michigan State Univesity.)
    [-] Ecosystems
    Saginaw Bay Lake Plain
    (Source: US Geological Survey)
    [-] Bay Co. Butterflies
    (Source: US Geological Survey)
    [-] Nature's Assets
    (Source: The Nature Conservancy)
    HISTORY: First settler in the county was Leon Trombley.